Birthmarks (Vascular Anomalies) Print E-mail

Birthmarks are caused by abnormally developed blood vessels. They are not always present at birth and may not become evident until later in life. NAEVUS is the medical term for a birthmark. Nevi are the most common abnormality of the skin.

  • ANGEL KISSES: spots over or between the eyes.
  • SALMON PATCHES: redmarks on eyelids, bridge of nose.
  • STORK MARKS: Back of the neck.

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These are all normal marks and will fade during infancy. No treatment is required.
A HAEMANGIOMA is a collection of small blood vessels causing a lump under the skin. They are often called strawberry marks. They occur in 1 in 20 babies, more frequently in girls and premature babies. They are bright red and raised because the abnormal blood vessels are close to the surface.They appear a few days or weeks after birth.They grow rapidly in the first few months increasing in size up to 6 months of age. They can appear anywhere, but mostly on the head and neck. They can affect internal organs, so your baby may need an MRI or ultrasound. They don't usually need treatment, and will disappear over time. Certain locations may require treatment, e.g. if located near the eyes; if it interferes with feeding or breathing; or if it is located in the nappy area.

 
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